Schizophrenia is a medical condition that cannot go unrecognized as there are significant manifestations to characterize it. However, in milder cases, sufferers exhibit lesser episodes. The people in their lives could assume that it’s a one-off, but it cannot go unnoticed in the long term. Schizophrenia surfaced over a century ago.
Researchers contemplate it to be a syndrome and feel that it invites a host of disorders in conjunction. The indications remain fundamentally subjective. It starts with a person being agitated or distressed, followed by intrusive thoughts. Doctors call this psychosis.
Patients exhibit severe behaviors and disengage from reality. Schizophrenia treatment is the next step after its diagnosis. Their patients demonstrate indications like hallucinations, delusions, and disoriented speech or behavior.
It is disheartening for loved ones and family members to witness someone they care about go through such a tough time. Sufferers are highly receptive, and hence the schizophrenia treatment must be rightly calibrated.
TYPES OF SCHIZOPHRENIA
It is a multifaceted ailment and can be divided into various types, contingent on the traits. An individual could be faced with concurrent symptoms. They are represented in the form of self-deception and hallucinations. The most typically found types of schizophrenia are:
1) Catatonic schizophrenia is a physical body state where patients may become unresponsive to stimuli or consider bizarre positions or execute abnormal movements. They may even have rigid legs and maintain one position for extended hours.
2) Paranoid schizophrenia occurs in excessive delusions and hallucinations that inhibit people from having a sincere connection with life.
3) Residual schizophrenia is the type of schizophrenia where people show signs of healing but can still manifest indications intermittently.
4) Disorganised schizophrenia is also known as Hebephrenic schizophrenia, and patients are uneasy about being vocal. They may stammer and embark on other traits like a reduction of sentiments.
5) Undifferentiated schizophrenia – Patients may present manifestations characterized by one or more types of schizophrenia, such as disorganized speech, hallucinations, lack of emotions, or catatonic symptoms.
DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT
1) Physical exam – The primary step in diagnosing schizophrenia is a physical exam.
2) Tests and screening – Subsequently, doctors order MRIs or CT scans. They want to ascertain whether or not the person has been abusing alcohol or other substances.
3) Psychiatric evaluation – Hosting numerous tests that will determine a person’s IQ and current mental status.
4) Diagnosis – Finally, the doctors examine the reports and devise a treatment plan.
Depending on the symptoms, it may take ions; nevertheless, applying the correct prescription and therapy may defeat exhibitions.
1) Medication – Medicines are quintessential for schizophrenic patients. Antipsychotic drugs help in managing the release of dopamine. Once the exact dosage is identified, patients are in a position to at least function. Other medications may include antidepressants.
2) The newly released antipsychotic drugs are known to have lower side effects.
3) Injectable antipsychotics are more long-term and are given in the form of an injection.
1) Social skills training – They imbibe communication skills in people to improve social interactions.
2) Individual therapy – It gives patients an outlet and stimulates catharsis.
3) Family therapy – Family support is imminent, and educating family members about the condition of a loved one, helps both participants.
4) Employment gains – By encouraging patients and equipping them to enter the conventionalized world, these procedures are vastly significant.
We must raise awareness about mental illnesses. Most people are still oblivious and might ridicule someone who is facing a very challenging moment in life. Schools, colleges, and social media should propagate more information regarding mental illnesses.