Novel and its types

Novel and its types

by Ragini Salampure

The way novels are popular among today’s audience seems that they have always been so popular and trace their origin to the earliest times of the beginning of literature. 

But there is a lot more to this than is visible. Students seeking assignment help usa must remember the points that will be mentioned in order to benefit in the fullest of sense. 

The term novel is applied to a great world of writings that popularly include fiction written as prose. It also differs from the short story and the novella in the fact that its magnitude permits a wider variety of characters, greater complication of plot and motives than do the shorter ones. 

In various European languages the novel is known as roman but in England it derived its name from novella. Novels have found their prominence since the eighteenth century when in Italy there was a vogue for collection of such tales, some of which were serious and some scandalous. Popular ones in this category are Decameron by Boccaccio, which still remains a popular one. 

The long narratives were written as early as the second and third centuries AD, by Greek writers. They basically dealt with lovers, who got separated, faced obstacles and later were united. 

The Greek examples include Aethiopica by Heliodorus and the Elizabethan era examples are Rosalynde by Thomas Lodges which serves as a continuation of this pastoral romance. 

Yet another important predecessor of the novel was the picaresque narrative that emerged in Spain in the sixteenth century. Picaro was the protagonist or rather the character who went on a series of adventures throughout the novel and the one who saw least development of his character throughout. 

These types of fiction were episodic in nature and consisted of events that were held together just when they happened to the particular character. For example, The Unfortunate Traveller by Thomas Nashe and Mark Twain’s The Adventures of Tom Sawyer. Don Quixote by Cervantes was a great picaresque narrative and the single most progenitor of the modern novel. 

The novelist Daniel Defoe gets the credit of writing the first novel of the character when he wrote Robinson Crusoe wherein, he gave it an enforced unity of action. On the other hand, the credit for writing the first novel of the character or the psychological novel, goes to Samuel Richardson for his writing of Pamela

In both these types of novels, there exists a difference. While in the former, the focus is on what the protagonist will do next and how the story will progress, while in the latter, the focus is on the protagonist’s motives for what he or she does and how will this character come out to be at the end of the novel. 

This focus on the character of the novel was expanded to his or her thinking in the modern and the postmodern era, when writers like Virginia Woolf, James Joyce, D. H. Lawrence and others focused on the stream of consciousness technique in order to carry on their plot. 

Moving on, the next category in the novels was epistolary novels. Pamela by Samuel Richardson is a great example of it. Such a narrative is entirely conveyed through the exchange of letters taking place throughout the novel. 

Various research paper writings have stated that novels may have any kind of plot from – tragic, comic, romantic or satiric. A common distinction has been found between realistic novels and romance. 

The former ones can be described as the fictional attempt to give realistic touch to the work, by representing complex characters which are rooted in social class and who undergo everyday modes of experience. 

Since the realistic novels focus on the conversations, customs, and ways of thinking and values of the upper class, it is often called the novel of manners. On the other hand, the prose romance traces its roots to the chivalry romance of the Middle Ages and the Gothic novels of the eighteenth century. 

In such novels the protagonist is often isolated from the social context and is often solitary. The atmosphere is such as to suspend the reader’s expectations that are based on everyday experience. 

A prominent example of the romantic novels is Wuthering Heights by Emily Bronte. Yet another type of novel is the Bildungsroman or the novels of formation. 

In these novels, one sees a development of the character of the protagonist throughout his journey in the novel. Therefore, one sees that the novel begins with the childhood of the protagonist and continues to his maturity. 

A Popular example of such a type of novel is Great Expectations by Charles Dickens. Another subtype in this category is Kunstlerroman which traces the development of a character who is an artist, from his childhood to his maturity. Example in this category in A Portrait of an Artist as a Young Man by James Joyce. 

Social novels emphasize the influence of the social and economic conditions of the era in shaping the characters in the novel. The other category is the historical novel, wherein instances from the past are used to add interest and credibility to the novel. For example, A Tale of Two Cities by Charles Dickens.

Then we have a regional novel, which emphasizes the setting, speech and social structure and customs of a particular locality as important conditions affecting the temperament of the characters and their ways of thinking, feeling and interacting.  

Novels saw prominence especially in the Modern era. Another type of novel were the ones which made use of magical realism. In such novels, the magical world is represented in such a manner that it appears to be real in the world of the novel. Salman Rushdie had made immense use of his technique especially in his Haroun and the Sea of Stories. 

Therefore, such subtypes of novels have been brought out badly upon the theories stated in various research paper writings.  The points stated above are sufficient enough to offer assignment help to students of literature which can further facilitate it by providing examples.

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