As a first-time cultivator, starting is one of the biggest roadblocks you may face. Firstly, you will need to get the right space to grow and get the best growing equipment.
You should also operate within the law boundaries before you get started. Cultivating cannabis remains prohibited in most states in the US. Hence, it would be best to ensure that home cultivation is legal where you stay before growing cannabis. If it is legal to grow marijuana in your state, here are great tips you can use to your advantage:
- Get Seeds
Similar to concentrates, flowers, and edibles, cannabis seeds are regarded as cannabis products. This means their legality is based on the state you live in. Individuals staying in states with adult-use legalization may sell, buy, and produce seeds, but the business may not cross state boundaries. People staying in the state with medical cannabis legalization might only purchase seeds if they have medical cards.
Most renowned and reputable seed banks are overseas in Spain, Netherlands, the US, and the UK, where marijuana laws are less restricted. If you are in a state with medical cannabis programs or adult-use legalization, you can stop over at Seed Supreme to purchase seeds, either through the company or its website. With this, you can also choose from a variety of seed breeds the company provides.
- Quality of Water Counts
Every water is not the same due to the type and quantity of dissolved solids in it. Usually, these solids may adversely affect the cannabis crops based on what they’re. Using domestic can be a bad idea due to fluoride and chlorine used to treat the water.
Although these chemicals might not kill your crops, you will not get better results. If you need the best for your crops, then invest in reverse osmosis or filtration system. Once you do that, be sure to change the filters more often to get high-quality water.
- Find the Best Spot
A perfect spot for cultivating marijuana outdoors can be well-irrigated, sheltered, sunny, and have good drainage. A forest clearing, which is sheltered from the wind and gets enough amount of light is convenient. Mixed broad-leafed forests are preferable to coniferous because the soil in a place with coniferous woodland is acidic.
If you want to grow cannabis in a hilly train, aspect is usually an important factor, yet overlooked. Just the way south-facing balcony is desirable for apartment cultivators, south-facing hillsides are suitable for outdoor growing. This is because it maximizes intensity and hours of sunlight.
- Maintain the Right Humidity and Temperature
Maintaining a suitable humidity and temperature every time is important to the health of cannabis plants. Several plant varieties prefer humid and hot climates, whereas others like it dry and cool. Keeping your plants healthy and alive means controlling the humidity and temperature when lights are off or on.
You can use humidification and AC (air conditioning) systems to control the relative humidity and temperature of indoor grow rooms. The size of every unit depends on the amount of heat grow lights produce in relation to the size of the growing space. In an open space, you may also use exhaust and intake fans to exchange the air in the room and maintain a consistent temperature.
- Choose the Right Method
There are different ways of growing cannabis. Which growing method is right depends on your circumstances and what you need to invest. Experts at Seed Supreme suggest that most methods will yield great results for dedicated gardeners. Though what you get from the method you choose will depend on what you put into it.
Cannabis plants are subjected to different forms of threats, ranging from improper fertilizer and lack of water to animals and bugs. If you want high-grade cannabis, you must put effort into it, regardless of the method you choose to use. Some of the methods you can apply are:
- Plain Dirt
- Rock Wool/Coco Fiber
- Control Wild Plants and Pests
Wild plants and pests are an unavoidable occurrence when growing marijuana outdoors, but you can avoid most of these issues by planning properly. Clearing a buffer around your plants may go a long way, though your first bet and line of defense is a healthy crop, which is capable of defending itself naturally.
Pets may come in different forms, from spider mites and small slugs to gophers and big deer. You can keep out bigger pets and animals out of your cannabis garden with a fence, while gopher wires beneath soil beds will prevent gophers and rats from eating the roots. On the other hand, wild plants may not damage your marijuana, but they might compete for nutrients in the soil, reducing the yield and quality of your cannabis plants.
- Take Care of the pH Level
If the pH level of your cultivation medium is too high or low, some nutrients will be blocked out. This means your plants will not absorb the nutrients. Typically, pH refers to a scale used to evaluate how basic or acidic a solution is. If the pH level is above 7.5 or below 5.5, it might inhibit the uptake of nutrients.
The right pH level should be between 6.0 and 7.0. It is important to test the pH level of your runoff water so as to determine if the soil is within the acceptable range. If it is too high, you can use vinegar or lemon juice to lower the pH level.
- Choose the Right Growing Medium
Marijuana plants perform best when you plant them in something, which does not retain a lot of moisture after watering. For instance, using sandy soil that stays drier can give you a good yield compared to clay soil, which retains moisture. Choosing the right medium might make or break your marijuana plants by determining how little or much a yield your crops give.
However, choosing the right soil doesn’t have to be a risky thing. As long as you choose soil designed for cultivating marijuana, you will not have to worry about nutrients, which can allow your crops to thrive. With the right medium, you will also have nothing to worry about adding fertilizer.
Cultivating cannabis is a great and rewarding hobby, which can also offer a good business opportunity. Though if it is your first time growing marijuana, it can be a difficult venture.
This is why you need to equip yourself with the right tools, apply the best growing methods, and provide all the cultivation conditions your plants will need.